Diabetes affects more than 20 million Americans and is the leading cause of blindness and kidney failure.
Many people with Type 2 diabetes do not know they have it because it develops slowly over time. Diabetes is easy to diagnose with blood tests. If a patient has two fasting blood glucose tests over 126, the diagnosis of diabetes is confirmed. Another test called Hemoglobin A1c confirms that the glucose has been elevated over time if the level is 6.5% or higher. Diabetes is dangerous for the body because it affects the microvasculature (blood vessels) in the body. High Cholesterol, diabetes,and hypertension are considered a "triple threat" and greatly increase the risk of heart attack and stroke.
The main treatment for type 2 diabetes is exercise, strict diet and weight loss. Losing weight to a normal BMI can completely manage the disorder in a majority of people who are overweight. But many people with type 2 diabetes are of normal weight and many obese people do not develop diabetes so genes play a big role in the disease. Exercise helps lower glucose without medication and aids in weight loss.
If you are diagnosed with diabetes or pre-diabetes is is essential to understand the disease and see a nutritionist to learn about healthy eating and diet. There is a wealth of information about diabetes from the American Diabetes Association and a diagnosis of diabetes is so serious, full blown education and action is needed. We physicians have been too casual in allowing people to have elevated glucose levels because diabetes causes more deaths a year than breast cancer and AIDs combined!!!
For more information, this website is filled with great information and tips for dealing with diabetes.
If you or a loved one is diagnosed with diabetes, get educated right away and treat it like you would treat a diagnosis of Cancer or another life-threatening disorder. Get your treatment plan going by visiting The American Diabetes Association and get your family and friends involved in your recovery.